DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20181857

An association of sensorineural hearing loss in mucosal type of chronic suppurative otitis media

Santosh Malashetti, Prabhu Khavasi, Prasen Reddy, Karra Bhargavi

Abstract


Background: Chronic suppurative otitis media of mucosal variety is one of the most common cause of conductive hearing loss worldwide. Sensorinueral hearing loss is rare but well established complication of chronic suppurative otitis media of squamosal variety. We made an attempt to view the sensorineural hearing loss in mucosal type of chronic otitis media and keeping objectives and aims as follows occurrence of sensorinueral hearing loss in mucosal type of chronic suppurative otitis media; relation of sensorinueral component with age, gender and duration in mucosal type of chronic suppurative otitis media.

Methods: A total of 105 cases of mucosal type of CSOM were studied retrospectively for the pattern of hearing impairement on the basis of pure tone audiogram in a Tertiary care hospital. Relation 0f sensorinueral hearing loss with with age, gender and duration in mucosal type of CSOM is compared and tabulated with various studies.  

Results: Out of total 105 cases of CSOM of mucosal variety 30 (28.57%) had sensorinueral hearing loss affecting 13 males and 17 females with males to females ratio of 1:1.3.Mean bone conduction thresholds in males at 1 kh, 2 kh and 4 kh is 30.38%, 38.46% and 46.15% respectively and Mean bone conduction thresholds in females at 1 kh, 2 kh and 4 kh is 30.88%, 35% and 44.41% respectively.

Conclusions: Significant sensorinueral hearing loss was seen in our study. Age, gender and duration didn’t have any impact on degree of sensorinueral hearing loss.


Keywords


CSOM, Mucosal disease, Sensorinueral hearing loss

Full Text:

PDF

References


Linstrom CJ, Silverman CA, Rosen A, Meiteles LZ. Boneconduction impairment in chronic ear disease. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2001;110:437-41.

Paparella MM, Oda M, Hiraide F, Brady D. Pathology ofsensorineural hearing loss in otitis media. Ann Otol. 1972;81:632-45.

Paparella MM, Brady DR. SNH loss in CSOM and mastoiditis. Trans. Am. Acad. Ophthalmol Otol. 1970;74:108-15.

Morizona T, Giebink GS, Paparella MM, Sikora MA, Shea D. Sensorineural hearing loss in experimental purulent otitis media due to streptococcus pneumoniae. Arch Otolaryngol. 1985;111:794–8.

Amin MN, Datta PG, Amin AS. Incidence of hearing impairment amongst the school going children. J Bangladesh Coll Physicians Surgeons. 1992;10(1):23-5.

WHO. Chronic suppurative otitis media. Burden of illness and anagement options. 2004. Available at: http://www.who.int/-child-adolescent-health/New_Publications/. Accessed on 8 November 2015.

Rupa V, Jacob A, Josheph A.Chronic suppurative otitis media: prevalence and practice among rural south Indian children. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 1999;48(3):17- 221.

Kodiya AM, Afolabi OA, Ahmad BM. The burden of hearing loss at Kaduna, Nigeria: A 4-year study at the National Ear Care Centre. Ear Nose Throat J. 2012;91:156-63.

Paparella MM, Oda M, Hiraide F. Pathology of sensorineural hearing loss in otitis media. Annotol. 1972;81:632-45.

Paparella MM, Morizono T, Le CT. Sensorineural hearing loss in otitis media. An-notol. 1984;93:623-9.

Levine BA, Shelton C, Sheehy JL. Sensorineural hearing loss in otitis media. Is it clinically signifi-cant? Arch otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1989;115:814-6.

Kaur K, Sonkhya N, Bapna AS. Chronic suppurative otitis media and sensorineural hearing loss: Is there a correlation?.Ind J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2003;55:21-4.

Sharma K, Gulari SK, Kaur R. Sensorineural hearing loss in Chronic suppurative otitis media-safe type. Ind J Otol. 2006;11:22-6.

Lundman L, Santi PA, Morizono T, Harada T, JuhnSK, Bagger, Sjoback D. Inner ear damage and passage through the round window memberane of Pseodomonas aeruginosa exotoxin A in a chinchilla model. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1992:101:437-44.