Comparative study between result of temporalis muscle fascia and tragal cartilage perichondrium as a graft material in type 1 tympanoplasty
Keywords:Temporal fascia, Tragal perichondrium, Tympanoplasty
Background: Leading cause of deafness in India is chronic suppurative otitis media. Most common cause of TM perforation is chronic suppurative otitis media. With this background this study was to compare hearing results, as well as graft takes for commonly preferred reconstruction techniques of the TM (i.e., temporalis fascia vs. cartilage) in tympanoplasty.
Methods: The present study consists of 60 cases of C.S.O.M (TTD) which was divided into two groups with 30 cases in each group. In first group type1 tympanoplasty was done by Temporalis fascia technique. In second group type 1 tympanoplasty done by tragal cartilage with perichondrium technique. History and otoscopic examination along with pure tone audiometry was performed preoperatively. Postoperative hearing results and graft uptake were compared between two groups, all surgeries were performed through the post aural approach.
Results: Graft uptake results are better with tragal cartilage with perichondrium technique. Hearing improved significantly in both groups. Though this was slightly better in TFT, but not significant statistically.
Conclusions: Graft uptake rates are better with the tragal cartilage with perichondrium technique in comparison of TFT and hearing results are almost equivalent with both techniques.
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