Granular myringitis: current status of management


  • Mohan Bansal Department of E. N. T., GAIMS, Bhuj, Gujarat



Granular myringitis, Tympanic membrane, External auditory canal, Granular otitis externa, Otitis


The Granular Myringitis (GM) is not uncommon though in medical literature it has been reported among the rarer conditions. The aim of this article is to review the clinical features and management of Granular Myringitis (GM). GM is characterized by granulation tissue on the outer surface of the Tympanic Membrane (TM) with or without the involvement of deep bony External Auditory Canal (EAC). The granulations are either localized or diffuse. The granulations over tympanic membrane continue to grow slowly for years. The ensuing fibrosis in patients with granulations of deep bony meatal wall can result into an atresia of the deep bony EAC. The presenting symptom of GM is an ear discharge which may be foul-smelling. However many patients have a sensation of fullness, irritation, mild pain or itching in the ear. If perforation occurs the underlay perichondrium or temporalis fascia grafting is done. In some of the refractory cases granulations are removed and the raw area is covered with skin. Many patients respond well to meticulous microscopic aural toilet and topical antibiotic and steroid ear drops. If patients do not respond then application of topical caustic agents are employed.


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