DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20180710

Phantom ringing syndrome: an Indian perspective

Ajeet Kumar Khilnani, Rekha Thaddanee, Gurudas Khilnani

Abstract


Background: Use of smart phone, which has become an integral activity of daily life now, has begun to show subtle untoward effects on health. Various health related problems associated with electronic devices, especially smart phones, use are being studied. Phantom ringing syndrome (PRS) is one such adverse effect, which is an auditory hallucination seen in mobile phone users when they feel that their phone is ringing when it is actually not. To the best of our knowledge and literature search, we could not find any Indian study on PRS. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of PRS and to find the factors associated with it.

Methods: This was a prospective, cross-sectional online questionnaire based study, conducted in western Gujarat from July 2017 to October 2017. A 7-item validated questionnaire was sent to 800 participants, through e-mail or WhatsApp, and the responses received were analyzed using MS excel.  

Results: Out of 319 respondents, 181 (67%) were males and 89 (33%) females. The mean age of males was 31.65 (9.65) years and females was 29.96 (11.19) years. PRS was present in 54.4% of respondents. There was no significant association between presence of PRS and age of participants (p=0.855), sex of participants (p=0.5232), profession (medical vs. non-medical) (p=0.498), physical location of mobile phone (p=0.829), mode of using mobile phone (p=0.718) and duration of mobile phone use (p=0.748).

Conclusions: The prevalence rate of PRS in our study was 54.4%. PRS occurs irrespective of gender, age, profession, and physical location, duration and mode of phone use. It would be interesting to find exact site of involvement, in auditory circuit, by BERA studies.


Keywords


Auditory hallucinations, India, Mobile phone, Phantom ringing syndrome, Smart phone

Full Text:

PDF

References


Rothberg MB, Arora A, Hermann J, Kleppel R, St Marie P, Visintainer P. Phantom vibration syndrome among medical staff: a cross sectional survey. BMJ. 2010;341:c6914.

Lin YH, Chen CY, Li P, Lin SH. A dimensional approach to the phantom vibration and ringing syndrome during medical internship. J Psychiatr Res. 2013;47(9):1254-8.

Fernandez-Guerrero IM. WhatsApp it is. Lancet. 2014;383(9922):1040.

Lin YH, Chang LR, Lee YH, Tseng HW, Kuo TB, Chen SH. Development and validation of the Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI). PLoS One. 2014;9(6):e98312.

Mohammadbeigi A, Mohammadsalehi N, Moshiri E, Anbari Z, Ahmadi A, Ansari H. The prevalence of phantom vibration/ringing syndromes and their related factors in Iranian' students of medical sciences. Asian J Psychiatr. 2017;27:76-80.

Chen CP, Wu CC, Chang LR, Lin YH. Possible association between phantom vibration syndrome and occupational burnout. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2014;10:2307-14.

van Os J, Krabbendam L, Myin-Germeys I, Delespaul P. The schizophrenia envirome. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2005;18(2):141-5.

Welham J, Isohanni M, Jones P, McGrath J. The antecedents of schizophrenia: a review of birth cohort studies. Schizophr Bull. 2009;35(3):603-23.

Langer AI, Cangas AJ, Serper M. Analysis of the multidimensionality of hallucination like experiences in clinical and nonclinicalSpanish samples and their relation to clinical symptoms: implications for the model of continuity. Int J Psychol. 2011;46(1):46-54.

Heart rate variability. Standards of measurement, physiological interpretation, and clinical use. Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and the North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology. Eur Heart J. 1996;17(3):354-81.