Clinico-pathological and radiological assessment of benign nasal masses
Keywords:Polyp, Angiofibroma, Inverted papilloma, Computed tomography, Functional endoscopic sinus surgery
Background: Sinonasal masses are uni or bilateral with variable and with multiple etiological factors. Benign masses are common in comparison to malignant in this region. Some of the benign masses e.g. juvenile angiofibroma and inverted papilloma cause local bony destruction. Preoperative radiological assessment is desirable for proper surgical Management. The purpose of the study was to assess the clinical and radiological findings of sinonasal masses and the correlation of the clinical and radiological findings with the histopathology.
Methods: This prospective study was carried out on 50 cases if intra nasal masses. After clinical examination, these patients were subjected to radiology. The parameters assessed were the origin, extension, involvement of adjacent structure. Subsequently, all the cases were subjected to surgery i.e. polypectomy, medial maxillectomy, excision with the help of nasal endoscope. Thereafter, the histopathological findings were correlated with clinical and radiological findings.
Results: Total 50 cases of intra nasal benign masses were included in the study. Among them 36 (72%) cases were of nasal polyps, out of which 29 (80.5%) were inflammatory polyps and 7 (19.4%) were allergic polyps. Among inflammatory polyps, 23 (79.3%) were males and 6 (20.69%) were females. Among allergic polyps 4 (57.14%) were males and 3 (42.85%) were females. The other findings were 5 (10%) cases of angiofibroma, 5 (10%) cases on inverted papilloma, 3 (6%) cases of haemangioma and 1 (2%) cases of chondrosarcoma.
Conclusions: Considering the result obtained, the most common sinonasal lesions were inflammatory polyps. Others in order in order of frequency were allergic polyp, angiofibroma, inverted papilloma, haemangioma and chondrosarcoma.
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