Study of clinical and demographic profile of patients diagnosed with secretory otitis media
Keywords:Glue ear, Non suppurative otitis media, Otitis media, Otitis media with effusion, Secretory otitis media, Serous otitis media
Background:Secretory Otitis Media (SOM) is a common otological condition in children presenting most commonly with hearing loss. If untreated for long time, it can affect the language development of child. Its causes are multifactorial and treatment depends on the etiology. Various treatment modalities (medical and surgical) are available and they are administered in isolation or in combination. The objectives of the study were the present study was conducted with the objectives of knowing the most common age group affected by SOM, the common etiological factors of SOM and the outcome of various modalities of treatment of SOM.
Methods:This prospective study was conducted at a tertiary care teaching hospital of North Gujarat. IEC approval and consent from the patients were taken. 40 patients diagnosed with SOM were included in the study and their clinical and demographic details and treatment outcomes were studied.
Results:Of the 40 patients, 65% were males. SOM was common in young children. Most of the cases (55%) were below 10 years of age. In 80% of cases SOM was bilateral. Deafness was the most common symptom (95%) with which patients presented with, followed by URTI and pain. All patients had impaired tympanic membrane mobility. Retraction of tympanic membrane was the next common otoscopic finding (85%). Initial management was medical and 18 patients required surgical intervention.
Conclusions:SOM is a common ear disorder in children. Initial medical treatment has a definitive role and should be tried in all cases before surgical intervention is contemplated. A variety of surgical procedures are available which can be used depending on the indication. Complete recovery is expected to occur in most of the cases by a period of 3-6 months.
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