TIRADS and BETHESDA correlation to histopathological results of thyroid nodules: a case series at Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta

Authors

  • Sri Wulan Dhari Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Sagung Rai Indrasari Oncology Division, Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gadjah Mada, Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Camelia Herdini Oncology Division, Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gadjah Mada, Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Danu Yudistira Oncology Division, Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gadjah Mada, Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Yulialdi Bimanto Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20240068

Keywords:

Thyroid nodule, TIRADS, BETHESDA, Histopathological

Abstract

Early diagnosis of thyroid nodules is necessary to identify malignancy before surgery. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) and ultrasonography (USG) are supporting examinations for diagnosing thyroid tumors. There have been several previous studies related to the sensitivity of each investigation compared to postoperative biopsy findings. Both have different diagnostic values, and it is hoped that if these two diagnostic methods are applied before surgery, they will have a higher sensitivity value in determining the type of thyroid nodule compared to a single examination. A single-center retrospective case series study. Socio-demographic and clinical data were obtained from hospital records. This study included six thyroid nodule cases, consisting of three (50%) women and three (50%) men. Patients had the appearance and clinical symptoms of swelling in the neck (100%), of which 50% had symptoms of difficulty swallowing and 16% had symptoms of shortness of breath. Three (50%) patients underwent isthmolobectomy, and 3 (50%) patients underwent total thyroidectomy. Three (50%) patients suspected of approaching malignancy based on TIRADS and BETHESDA underwent total thyroidectomy with postoperative histopathological results of non-malignancy. Three (50%) patients with suspected benign nodules based on TIRADS and BETHESDA underwent isthmolobectomy, with postoperative histopathological results indicating non-malignancy. The concordance of the results of the ultrasound examination (TIRADS) and histopathology of thyroid nodules before surgery (BETHESDA) compared with the results of the postoperative histopathological examination was 50%.

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Published

2024-01-25