Clinical-epidemiological profile of vestibular migraine patients: Indian scenario

Authors

  • Divya Joy Department of ENT, SGT Medical college, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
  • Ayushi Agarwal Department of ENT, SGT Medical college, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
  • Rohit K. Department of ENT, SGT Medical college, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
  • Sumit Singh Department of ENT, SGT Medical college, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
  • Vikas Kakkar Department of ENT, SGT Medical college, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
  • Akriti Sharma Department of ENT, SGT Medical college, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
  • Khushboo Arora Department of ENT, SGT Medical college, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
  • Anusha Stani Department of ENT, SGT Medical college, Gurgaon, Haryana, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20240064

Keywords:

Vestibular migraine, Clinico-epidemiology, Vertigo

Abstract

Background: The main objective of this study was to observe the Indian clinical scenario and analyse the clinical and epidemiological profile of patients with vestibular migraine.

Methods: This is a retrospective observational descriptive study. The outpatient records of the vertigo clinic at Department of Otorhinolaryngology of SGT medical college, Budhera, Gurgaon, Haryana was assessed from April 2023 to July 2023. Patients who were diagnosed with vestibular migraine based on ICD classification as follows was included in the study.  

Results: Study population predominantly comprised of 77% (17) females and 23% (5) of males. Almost 80% of the study population belonged to age group 31-40 years. Each episode of vertigo lasts for seconds in 50% of the patients and minutes in 45% of the patients. All patients had episodic vertigo.59% of patients described the vertigo as rotatory,18 % of the study population reported imbalance,18 % described swaying and 5% reported blackouts. Most of the examination was normal except 5 out of 22 patients reported giddiness on testing vertical saccades.

Conclusions: Vestibular migraine is an underdiagnosed condition in India, there’s not much research and awareness, hence this study aims to overcome these limitations. Most of the patients were middle aged women. The physical and audiological examination of most patients were normal but showing abnormalities on testing saccades.

References

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Published

2024-01-25

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Original Research Articles