Eclipsed sunray in the tonsil: mystery unfolded

Authors

  • Saranya Thangavel Department of ENT, PIMS, Kalapet, Pondicherry, India https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6954-1364
  • Charisha David Department of ENT, PIMS, Kalapet, Pondicherry, India
  • Magesh Kuppusami Department of ENT, PIMS, Kalapet, Pondicherry, India
  • Rajarajeswari Nalamate Department of ENT, PIMS, Kalapet, Pondicherry, India
  • Manjari Phansalkar Department of Pathology, PIMS, Kalapet, Pondicherry, India
  • Mary Kurien Department of ENT, PIMS, Kalapet, Pondicherry, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20232905

Keywords:

Actinomycosis, Tonsillectomy, Tonsillitis, Tonsillar hypertrophy

Abstract

Actinomyces are saprophytic, filamentous branched bacteria, living as commensal organisms in the oral cavity. They become invasive when they gain access to the subcutaneous tissue, through a mucosal lesion. The common predisposing conditions are having dental caries, dental manipulations and maxillo facial trauma. Actinomycosis of the tonsil is usually related to obstructive tonsillar hypertrophy rather than recurrent tonsillitis. Since actinomyces is a normal inhabitant of the human body, it will be found in every anatomical site of the body. But tonsillar actinomycosis results from reduction of oxidation- reduction potential caused by pyogenic and anaerobic infections. Mucosal trauma plays a major role in the entry of the organisms. These organisms produce toxins and proteolytic enzymes to cause pathology within the tonsil. Dilated cystic spaces and neutrophilic infiltration are the unusual features highlighted in this report. Antibiotic therapy along with tonsillectomy is suggested as the preventive and curative treatment for tonsillar actinomycosis.

 

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Published

2023-09-27

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Section

Case Reports