North Indian winter fog, barbed wire, drunken driving and neck trauma
Keywords:Barbed wire, Neck, Penetrating injury, Fog, Inebriated, Motor cyclist
Inebriated motor cyclists in dense fog of North Punjab often lose control and run into the barbed village fencing. The wire drapes the front of the neck and penetrates the tissues to varying depth, depending on the intensity of trauma. This is commonly noted between the cricoids and the mandible. Timely surgical intervention, intoxication and speed checks can reduce the incidence of poor visibility related mishaps. An individual sustained and survived penetrating barbed wire injury by wrapping his head gear around his neck and drove to a rural health care facility for a primary repair of his neck.
Moser A, Heide W, Kömpf D. The effect of oral ethanol consumption on eye movements in healthy volunteers. J Neurol. 1998;245(8):542-50.
Miller TR, Spicer RS, Levy DT. How intoxicated are drivers in the United States? Estimating the extent, risks and costs per kilometer of driving by blood alcohol level. Accident Analys Prevent. 1999;31(5):515-23.
Cherpitel CJ. Alcohol, injury, and risk‐taking behavior: data from a national sample. Alcohol Clin Experiment Res. 1993;17(4):762-6.
Brismar B, Bergman B. The significance of alcohol for violence and accidents. Alcohol Clin Experiment Res. 1998;22:299-306.
Mundt JC, Ross LE, Harrington HL. A modeling analysis of young drivers' judgments of accident risk due to alcohol use and other driving conditions. J Stud Alcohol. 1992;53(3):239-48.
Das A, Ghasemzadeh A, Ahmed MM. Analyzing the effect of fog weather conditions on driver lane-keeping performance using the SHRP2 naturalistic driving study data. J Safety Res. 2019;68:71-80.
Rosey F, Aillerie I, Espie S, Vienne F. Driver behavior in fog is not only a question of degraded visibility-a simulator study. Safety Sci. 2017;95:50-61.
Ahmed MM, Young PR, Ghasemzadeh PA, Hammit B, Ali E, Khan MN, et al. Implementation of SHRP2 Results within the Wyoming connected vehicle variable speed limit system. US Depart Transport. 2017.
Kashani AT, Shariat-Mohaymany A, Ranjbari A. Analysis of factors associated with traffic injury severity on rural roads in Iran. J Injury Violence Res. 2012;4(1):36.
Khodadadi-Hassankiadeh N, Rad EH, Koohestani HS, Kouchakinejad-Eramsadati L. The pattern of road accidents in fog and the related factors in north of Iran in 2014-2018. Res Sq. 2020;1.
Tan JH. Impact of risk illusions on traffic flow in fog weather. Physica A. 2019;525:216-22.
Cavallo V, Colomb M, Doré J. Distance perception of vehicle rear lights in fog. Human Fact. 2001;43(3):442-51.
Wu Y, Abdel-Aty M, Lee J. Crash risk analysis during fog conditions using real-time traffic data. Accident Analy Prevent. 2018;114:4-11.
Fischer JE, Bland KI, Callery MP. Mastery of surgery. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006.
Bell RB, Osborn T, Dierks EJ, Potter BE, Long WB. Management of penetrating neck injuries: a new paradigm for civilian trauma. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007;65(4):691-705.
Souba WW, Fink MP, Jurkovich GJ, Kaiser LR, Pearce WH, Pemberton JH. Injuries to the neck. ACS Surgery. Principles and Practice. 7th ed. Decker Intellectual Properties; 2014.
Nason RW, Assuras GN, Gray PR, Lipschitz J, Burns CM. Penetrating neck injuries: analysis of experience from a Canadian trauma centre. Canadian J Surg. 2001;44(2):122.
Thal ER, Meyer DM. Penetrating neck trauma. Curr Problem Surg. 1992;29(1):5-6.
McConnell DB, Trunkey DD. Management of penetrating trauma to the neck. Adv Surg (Chicago). 1994;27:97-127.
Singh RK, Bhandary S, Karki P. Managing a wooden foreign body in the neck. J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2009;2(3):191.
Bryant AS, Cerfolio RJ. Esophageal trauma. Thorac Surg Clinic. 2007;17(1):63-72.
Lydiatt MW, Snyder CM, Lydiatt DD. Penetrating injuries of the neck: follow-up. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2018;100(1):6-11.
Munjal M, Munjal S, Jindal J, Talwar S, Chawla D, Kaur H, et al. Cervical laceration courtesy, the unbreakable kite string: case report. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2022;8:1020-4.
Sriussadaporn S, Pak-Art R, Tharavej C, Sirichindakul B, Chiamananthapong S. Selective management of penetrating neck injuries based on clinical presentations is safe and practical. Int Surg. 2001;86(2):90-3.
Biswas G. Review of forensic medicine and toxicology. JP Medical Ltd; 2012