A clinicopathological study of masses of nasal cavity paranasal sinuses and nasopharynx

Rajat Sharma, Dimple Sahni, Kuljeet Uppal, Rajeev Gupta, Gifty Singla


Background: A variety of inflammatory, non neoplastic and neoplastic masses involving nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and nasopharynx are commonly encountered in ENT clinics. The objective was to study the demographic profile, clinical presentation, radiological findings and its correlation with the histopathological findings of masses of nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and nasopharynx.

Methods: The study was conducted on patients having sinonasal and nasopharyngeal masses admitted in dept of ENT, GMC, Patiala from August 2014 to July 2016. The study was designed to evaluate demographic distribution, clinicopathological features, radiological findings of sinonasal and nasopharyngeal masses and to evaluate the correlation of clinical and radiological findings with histopathological diagnosis.  

Results: Analysis of 50 cases of masses in nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and nasopharynx was done. Male to female ratio was 1.38:1. The commonest site was nasal cavity followed by paranasal sinuses. Nasal polyp was the most common non-neoplastic lesion. Among the neoplastic lesions studied, inverted papilloma was the most common benign lesion and squamous cell carcinoma was the most common malignant lesion observed.

Conclusions: For proper evaluation of sinonasal and nasopharyngeal masses, clinical, radiological and histopathological evaluation should be done in all patients. Although radiology provides a road map to endoscopic surgeons for any existing or impending complications but histopathology always gives a confirmatory diagnosis.


Sinonassal masses, Nasopharynx, Polyp, Nasal obstruction, FESS, Inverted papilloma

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