Impact of chronic otitis media on mental health
Keywords:Chronic suppurative otitis media, Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Quality of life, Chronic ear survey, Pure tone audiometry
Background: Chronic otitis media can lead to a decline in health-related quality of life as well as social behaviour, putting persons at risk for depression, anxiety, and interpersonal antagonism. The goal of this study is to look at the relationship between depression, anxiety, and stress and also to assess the quality of life in CSOM patients. Objectives of the current investigation was to study the correlation of depression, anxiety and stress in patients suffering from CSOM and to know the quality of life in patients suffering from CSOM.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted at tertiary care hospital of Karnataka. Ninety-four patients of chronic suppurative otitis media were included in the study. The measurement of hearing loss was carried out by pure tone audiometry and the depression, anxiety and stress were scored taking depression, anxiety and stress scale and quality of life was assessed with chronic ear survey questionnaire.
Results: Patients with bilateral ear affected was found to have statistically significant depression and anxiety. Positive correlations found between DASS and CES score with hearing loss.
Conclusions: Depression, anxiety and stress in patients with CSOM caused by symptoms and saactivity restriction should be assessed during and after treatments and risk factors should be identified so that counselling and appropriate medications can be utilized to treat it if required. It will guide health care providers and researchers in effectively managing the impacts of CSOM.
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