Clinicopathological profile and treatment outcomes of patients presenting with epistaxis: a hospital-based cross-sectional study in Southern railway headquarters hospital, Chennai

Thirupathi K., A. P. Preetham, Musarrat Feshan


Background: Epistaxis (nose-bleed) is one of the commonest emergencies presenting to an otolaryngological emergency that affects up to sixty per cent of the population in their lifetime; in this, six per cent needs medical care.

Methods: Hospital-based cross-sectional study carried between October 2018 to January 2020 in the department of ENT at Southern Railway Headquarters Hospitals, Perambur, Chennai.

Results: The mean age of the subjects was 47.76±23.01. Females were less affected compared to males with 1.68:1 male: female ratio. The results of ENT examination/anterior rhinoscopic examination revealed that all 153 (100%) subjects had anterior epistaxis and 5 (3.27%) had posterior epistaxis. 143 (93.46%) had deviated nasal septum. Diagnostic nasal endoscopy revealed that 90 (58.82%) had deviated nasal septum to the left, and 55 (35.94%) had to the right. The majority of subjects, i.e., 86 (56.21%), were managed conservatively, followed by 52 (33.99%), 5 (3.27%), and 1 (0.65%) patient were given treatment with anterior nasal packing, anterior and posterior nasal packing, and cauterization respectively. Whereas 9 (5.88%) subjects needed a surgical mode of treatment to manage their epistaxis.

Conclusions: Findings revealed that the incidence was high in elderly individuals, with male preponderance over females. Anterior epistaxis more commonly occurred in comparison to posterior epistaxis. Our research supports the conservative management methods’ credibility in the epistaxis treatment. The practice of simple nasal packing is the commonest conservative approach that has a high rate of success. As a result, this method will be the best choice for epistaxis management.


Epistaxis, Clinicopathological, Conservative methods, Nasal packing, Surgery

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