A comparative study of temporalis fascia versus tragal perichondrium graft in myringoplasty
Keywords:Myringoplasty, Temporalis fascia, Tragal perichondrium, Graft take rate
Background: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of temporalis fascia and tragal perichondrium grafts in myringoplasty and to assess the hearing improvement following surgery.
Methods: This was a clinical prospective study involving 50 patients of chronic suppurative otitis media inactive mucosal disease who were assigned to two groups. Group I was temporalis fascia group and group II was tragal perichondrium group and subsequently underwent myringoplasty. Patients were followed up at 3 and 6 months.
Results: There was a preponderance of ear disease among children, with a male to female ratio of 1:1.63. Preoperative dry ear for 1-6 months was associated with 82.9% success rate (group I 76.5%, group II 87.5%). Patients with cellular mastoids were associated with 100% success rate.
Conclusions: In this study we found that patients with cellular mastoids and dry ear for 1-6 months were associated with higher success rates. The study also revealed that in terms of hearing gain postoperatively, the temporalis fascia graft fared slightly better than the tragal perichondrium graft. Tragal perichondrium and temporalis fascia grafts appear to have almost similar graft take rates.
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