DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20212443

Lockdown 1.0 mishaps in Bangalore: an observational study on head and neck injuries

Smitha S. G., Suhasini Hanumaiah, Arunima Sheeja

Abstract


Background: The government of India imposed a nationwide lockdown from 24 March to 14 April 2020, to contain the highly contagious corona virus. The aim of the study was to reflect upon the psychosocial impact of lockdown 1.0 on the population in terms of assaults, self-inflicted injuries and road traffic accidents during the 21 days of lockdown.

Methods: This was a prospective observational study done in KIMS hospital and research centre during nation-wide lockdown 1.0 i.e. from 24 March to 14 April 2020. Patients who visited emergency medicine department with history of assault, self-inflicted injuries, road traffic accidents sustaining injuries to ear, nose, neck and other regions of the face were included in the study.

Results: A total of 32 patients who sustained injuries in the head and neck region during the 21-day lockdown period and came to our institution were included. Out of the 32 injuries, 6 injuries were to the ear, 12 to nose,5 to the neck region and 9 to other facial regions. There were 18 assault cases causing head and neck injuries,3 were self-inflicted wounds and rest were injuries due to road traffic accidents.

Conclusions: Several problems emerged following the forced quarantine to combat COVID-19. These inexorable circumstances which are beyond normal experience, lead to stress, anxiety and a feeling of helplessness in all. There is a need to ameliorate people’s access to mental health support services geared towards providing measures for developing healthy coping mechanisms during such crisis.


Keywords


COVID-19, Injuries, Lockdown, Psychosocial impact

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