DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20211437

Syntactic abilities among Marathi speaking children with hearing impairment using cochlear implant

Piyush Sone, Ratan Jadhav, Medha Karbhari Adhyaru

Abstract


Background: Syntax is an important aspect of language. It is very important to study syntax development in the children with hearing impairment (HI). The aim of study was to compare syntactic abilities of Marathi speaking children with hearing impairment using cochlear implant and typical developing children in the age range of 4 to 7 years.

Methods: Ninety typically developing children, 26 language age matched children using cochlear implants were included in this study. They were grouped into three age groups: 4-5, 5-6 and 6-7 years. Syntax test in Marathi which has six subtests in comprehension: wh-questions, negations/yes/no questions, post-positions, plurals, tenses, person, number, gender markers and five subtests in expression: negation/yes/no questions, post-positions, plurals, tenses, person, number, gender markers was administered through a laptop to children in each group.

Results: Results showed typically developing children performed significantly better than children with hearing impairment using cochlear implant I the age range of 4 to 5 years. Except postposition and PNG markers of comprehensive syntactic abilities all other syntactic abilities were significantly poor in children using cochlear implants. Only expressive syntactic abilities were significantly poor among children using cochlear implants in the age range of 6 to 7 years.

Conclusions: Overall, the findings of this study showed that that Syntax test in Marathi can identify impairment in the syntactic ability in Marathi speaking children with hearing impairment. Children with hearing impairment using cochlear implants showed poor syntactic abilities.


Keywords


Syntactic abilities, Syntax, Cochlear implantation, Hearing impairment

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