Published: 2021-01-25

Anatomy of the lacrimal apparatus from a rhinologist’s perspective: a review

Manish Munjal, Shubham Munjal, Hitant Vohra, Anu Prabhakar, Ajay Kumar, Sonia Singh, Anshu Soni, Seema Gupta, Meenakshi Agarwal


The postero-superioly situated lacrimal glands secreate tears to lubricate the exposed sclera, limbus and the cornea. The tears are ultimately are channeled into the antero-inferior sited lacrimal sac and thereby into the nasal inferior meatus. Epiphora may be secondary to irritative or obstructive pathology in the naso-lacrimal system.   Individual with epiphora necessitates intervention, medical or surgical.  The naso-lacrimal system with its unique anatomy has been elaborated upon to assist in detecting the precise site of pathology and plan management likewise.



Lacrimal galand, Lacrimal sac, Nasolacrimal duct

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