Published: 2020-12-24

The physiological and pathophysiological aspects of the sphenoid sinus: a review

Manish Munjal, Suneet Sethi, Shubham Munjal, Vidushi Gupta, Hem Lata Badyal, Joginder K. Sidhu, Garima Sharma


The sphenoid sinus among the paranasal sinuses, with its deep location and obstruction at the level of its ostium, is the commonest cause of occipital or vertex headache. Limited intervention reverts the intricate mucociliary physiology of the sinus. The surgery, a sphenoidotomy, is aptly captioned, the “functional endoscopic sinus surgery”, for the Sphenoid. The unique physio-pathology of the Sphenoid sinus shall be elaborated.  


Sphenoid sinus, Physiology, Pathology

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