A study of phonosurgeries in vocal dysfunction in Salem district
Keywords:Vocal dysfunction, Phonosurgery, Dysphonia
Background: Phonosurgery essentially is surgery defined to improve or restore the voice. The objective of the study was to analyze and categorize the various benign lesions of the vocal cord causing vocal dysfunction requiring phonosurgeries, to analyze the incidence and distribution of cases according to age, sex, and etiology among the patients who require intense medical and voice therapy with surgical intervention.
Methods: This prospective study was conducted in fifty patients with vocal dysfunction from the ear, neck and throat (ENT) outpatient department of Otorhinolaryngology, Mohan Kumaramangalam Government General Hospital, Salem in the year September 2018 to October 2019 who failed conservative medical and voice therapy requiring phonological procedure were included in this study. Phonomicrosurgery was done for the patients with benign vocal fold mucosal disorders and medialization laryngoplasty using Gore-Tex was done for the patients with unilateral vocal cord palsy causing vocal dysfunction.
Results: The present study on phono surgery concludes vocal polyp is the commonest benign lesion of the vocal cord that constitutes 40% in our study population. Males are affected more than females. Proper investigation of voice and larynx provides the exact pathological nature of the lesion and determines the timing of surgical intervention.
Conclusion: Most of the patients who underwent medialization laryngoplasty using Gore-Tex also had a good outcome at the end of the voice therapy.
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