Clinicopathological profile of sinonasal masses-a tertiary care centre study in rural India
Keywords:Sinonasal mass, Polyp, Neoplastic, Retrospective
Background: A variety of mass lesions occur within the paranasal sinus (PNS) and nasal cavity and thus it becomes mandatory for otorhinolaryngologist to elicit detailed history and thorough examination before reaching a final diagnosis. This is retrospective study of all sinonasal masses who were undergone surgical management in the institute of rural India and so in the environment.
Methods: This is a retrospective observational study of 70 patients with sinonasal masses treated at a rural tertiary care hospital in rural western Maharashtra from period of Jan 2016 to May 2018. History, clinical assessment and histopathological examination (HPE) was done in all cases as per hospital record supplemented by radiological investigation as per requirement. The patients were grouped as per their histopathological diagnosis as non-neoplastic/inflammatory and neoplastic.
Results: A total of 70 patients were analysed age ranging (11-70 years). Majority of the patients were in the age groups 21-40 years (47%). There were 43 (61%) male and 27 (39%) female with M:F ratio 1.6:1. On HPE, 50 (71%) cases were non neoplastic/inflammatory and 20 (29%) cases were neoplastic lesions. HPE revealed that 50 (71%) cases were non neoplastic and 20 (29%) cases were neoplastic lesions.
Conclusions: Sinonasal masses have various differential diagnoses. They are fairly common with male predominance. Benign conditions show a peak during 2nd to 4th decade of life while malignancy increasing with the age after 4th decade. In non-neoplastic lesion, Allergic nasal polyp is the commonest histological pattern seen while in malignant lesions squamous cell carcinoma is noted with 100% male predominance.
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