DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20203570

Role of septoplasty in allergic rhinitis

Hiten R. Maniyar, Dharmishtha H. Parmar

Abstract


Background: It is a prospective study of 30 cases of allergic rhinitis with deviated nasal septum presented to our hospital. Analysis is done on the basis of age and sex distribution, severity of the symptoms pre and post operatively, according to nasal obstruction symptom evaluation (NOSE) scale and allergic rhinitis control test (ARCT) questionnaire which assess the quality of life.

Methods: Detailed history taking and clinical examination was done. All the patients were assessed the severity of their symptoms based on a NOSE scale. An ARCT questionnaire was given to patients prior to surgery(septoplasty) and after 3 months of it.

Results: In study we have observed that in the age group was 20-30years. Majority of the patients were males. The most common symptom is nasal obstruction followed by sneezing, rhinorhhea, pruritis, headache etc. The mean decrease in the NOSE score was statistically significant (before septoplasty NOSE score =14.6 and after septoplasty NOSE score=8.1). There is also improvement in quality of life which was measured by allergic rhinitis control test (ARCT) score. ARCT before septoplasty 10.2 and after 19.2.

Conclusion: The study shows most common combined symptoms are nasal blockage with rhinorrhoea, more affecting the age group of 18 to 30 years, males, with deviated nasal septum towards left seen more commonly. Patients of allergic rhinitis with deviated nasal septum are benefited with septoplasty, improved symptoms like nasal obstruction and stuffiness etc. and the quality of life by decrease in the severity of allergic symptoms.


Keywords


Allergic rhinitis, Deviated nasal septum, NOSE, ARCT

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References


Background: It is a prospective study of 30 cases of allergic rhinitis with deviated nasal septum presented to our hospital. Analysis is done on the basis of age and sex distribution, severity of the symptoms pre and post operatively, according to nasal obstruction symptom evaluation (NOSE) scale and Allergic Rhinitis Control Test(ARCT) questionnaire which assess the quality of life.

Methods: Detailed history taking and clinical examination was done. All the patients were assessed the severity of their symptoms based on a NOSE scale. An ARCT questionnaire (Allergic rhinitis control test) was given to patients prior to surgery(septoplasty) and after 3 months of it.

Results: In study we have observed that in the age group was 20-30years. Majority of the patients were males. The most common symptom is nasal obstruction followed by sneezing, rhinorhhea, pruritis, headache etc. The mean decrease in the NOSE score was statistically significant(before septoplasty NOSE score =14.6 and after septoplasty NOSE score=8.1). There is also improvement in quality of life which was measured by allergic rhinitis control test (ARCT) score. ARCT before septoplasty 10.2 and after 19.2.

Conclusion: The study shows most common combined symptoms are nasal blockage with rhinorrhoea, more affecting the age group of 18 to 30 years, Males, with deviated nasal septum towards left seen more commonly. Patients of allergic rhinitis with deviated nasal septum are benefited with septoplasty, improved symptoms like nasal obstruction and stuffiness etc. and the quality of life by decrease in the severity of allergic symptoms.