Published: 2020-05-22

Profile of head and neck neoplasms at a tertiary care centre in North India: two years pilot study (2018-2019)

Manish Munjal, Porshia Rishi, Nitika Tuli, Harjinder Singh, Shivam Talwar, Salony Sharma, Shubham Munjal


Background: In India 53,251 New Head and neck cancer cases are diagnosed every year. Oral cancer is the predominant subsite among both benign and malignant lesions.

Methods: A retrospective study of cases with head and neck neoplastic lesions was conducted in department of otolaryngology, head and neck surgery, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital Ludhiana during for a period of 2 years (January 2018 to December 2019). Demographic, gender profile of the patients was studied.  

Results: Incidence of oral cancer was 21.5% followed by salivary glands 18.9%. among head and neck neoplasms over a period of 2 years (January 2018 to December 2019). The overall male to female ratio was 1:1.25, among benign was 1:1 and among malignant was 1:1.3.

Conclusions: Commonest subsite of benign lesions was - oral cavity followed by   salivary glands and larynx. Most common malignant subsite was oral cavity followed by larynx and thyroid. Male patients outnumbered the female. Mean age of presentation varied according to subsite.


Carcinoma, Benign, Malignant, Squamous cell

Full Text:



Bier A. The nature of head and neck cancer. In Watkinson JC, Gaze MN Wilson JA. Stell and Maran’s Head and Neck surgery. 4th edition. London: Hodder Arnold; 2000: 1.

Maisel RH. When your patient complains of a neck mass. Geriatrics. 1980;2:103-8.

Bradley PJ. Management of squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx. Current Opinion Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2000;8:80-6.

Bradley PJ. Survey of current management of laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer. J Royal College Surg Edinburgh. 1989;34:197-200.

Stoyanov GS, Kitanova M, Dzhenkov DL. Demographics of Head and Neck Cancer Patients: A Single Institution Experience. Cureus. 2017;9(7):1418.

Alam MS, Siddiqui SA, Perween R. Epidemiological profile of head and neck cancer patients in Western Uttar Pradesh and analysis of distributions of risk factors in relation to site of tumor. J Can Res Ther. 2017;13:430-5.

Miyaishi O, Ando F, Matsuzawa K, Kanawa R, Isobe K. Cancer incidence in old age. Mech Ageing Dev. 2000;117:47-55.

Argiris A, Karamouzis MV, Raben D, Ferris RL. Head and neck cancer. Lancet. 2008;371(9625):1695-709.