DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20201670

Hearing loss in patients with head and neck cancer post chemoradiotherapy

Raies Ahmad Begh, Disha Koul, Aditiya Saraf, Parmod Kalsotra

Abstract


Background: The aim of the study was to study incidence of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and conductive hearing loss (CHL) in patients receiving chemoradiation for head and neck malignancies and to ascertain the pattern of hearing loss in different frequencies.

Methods: The present study was conducted on 100 patients of histopathologically proven head and neck malignancy admitted in Department of Otorhinolaryngology and head and neck surgery, SMGS Hospital, GMC Jammu during a time period of July 2017 to June 2019.Inclusion criteria for our study were patients with primary site of malignancy at nasal cavity, nasopharynx, oral cavity, oropharynx, larynx, hypopharynx and salivary glands undergoing chemo-radiotherapy. Hearing loss was calculated with reference to the pre-treatment hearing threshold. A decrease of >20 dB in single frequency or >10 dB in two or more consecutive frequency was considered significant.  

Results: In the study, 65 patients (65%) developed sensorineural hearing loss and 22 patient (22%) developed conductive hearing loss during course of treatment. However, 7 patients (7%) developed a mixed type hearing loss during course of treatment.

Conclusions: Although chemo radiation affects all the frequencies significantly but SNHL is markedly seen in higher frequencies. Conductive hearing loss is also a common adverse event after radiotherapy to the upper head and neck area.


Keywords


Chemoradiation, Hearing loss, Cancer, SNHL, CHL

Full Text:

PDF

References


Schultz C, Gomez GMVS, Liberman PHP. Hearing Loss and Complaint in Patients with Head and Neck Cancer Treated with Radiotherapy. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010;136(11):1065-9.

Bhagat DR, Chowdhary A, Luthra D. Otological complications following radiotherapy in head and neck cancers. Indian J Otol. 2004;10:22-6.

Bhandare N, Antonelli PJ, Morris CG. Ototoxicity after radiotherapy for head and neck tumors. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2007;67(2):469-79.

Chen WC, Liao CT, Tsai HC. Radiation-induced hearing impairment in patients treated for malignant parotid tumor. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1999;108:1159-64.

Goel HC, Laad P, Naik A. The study of auditory effects after concomitant radiotherapy and chemotherapy in patients with head and neck cancer. Indian J Otol. 2013;19:136-9.

Jain A, Praveer K, Banerjee PK, Manjunath D. Effects of Chemoradiation on Hearing in patients with Head and Neck Malignancies: Experience at a Tertiary Referral Care Hospital. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;68(4):456-61.

Kaul A, Gupta R, Gupta N, Kotwal S. Auditory alterations following radiotherapy in patients with head and neck malignancy: A prospective study. Indian J Otol. 2015;21:119-23.

Pandey A, Raizada RM, Puttewar MP. Effects of radiation therapy and Chemotherapy on otological structures in head, neck and oesophageal malignancies. Indian J Otolartngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;1:33-9.

Oh YT, Kim CH, Choi JH. Sensory neural hearing loss after concurrent cisplatin and radiation therapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Radiother Oncol. 2004;72:79-82.

Talmi YP, Horowitz Z, Bedrin L. Quality of life of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients. Cancer. 2002;94:1012-7.