Study of infective profile of patients with ear infections in lower Himalayan region


  • Manjeet Singh Department of ENT, ENT Surgeon, Regional Hospital, Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, India



Ear infection, Infective organisms, Ear swab, Aural discharge


Background: An ear infection is a bacterial, viral and fungal infection of the external or middle ear. The aim of the study was to study the infective profile of patients with ear infections in lower himalayan region.

Methods: 100 patients with ear infections/ear discharge were included in the study. Aural discharge samples collected through a sterile culture sensitivity tube and sent to microbiological lab in the Regional Hospital Bilaspur (SRL diagnostics).  

Results: Out of total 100 ears swab samples examined Staphylococcus aureus (35%) was the commonest infecting organism followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (25%), mould (10%), Staphylococcus epidermidis (06%), Escherichia coli (05%) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (05%).

Conclusions: Prevalence of ear infection is a major health problem in developing countries due to the poor living standard and hygienic conditions.


Flint PW, Haughey BH, Lund VJ, Niparko JK, Richardson MA, Robbins KT et al. Chronic otitis media, mastoiditis and petrositis. In: Gaertner RS, Halpine R, editors. Cummings Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, 5th ed. Philadelphia: Mosby Elsevier; 2010;1963.

Gulya AJ, Minor LB, Poe DS. Closure of tympanic membrane perforations. In: Decker BC, editor. Glasscock-Shambaugh Surgery of the Ear. 5th ed. Ontario: BC Decker Inc; 2003: 400.

Dhingra PL, Dhingra S, Dhingra D. Disorders of middle ear. In: Dutta S, editor. Diseases of Ear Nose and Throat. 5th ed. Gurgaon: Elsevier; 2010.

Dilshad A, Rakesh KM, Sanjeeva KGT, Junaid N, Rakesh PS, Swikriti S, Abhay RW. Bacteriological profile of ear infections and its antibiotic susceptibility pattern in tertiary care hospital Navi Mumbai. IOSR J Dental Medical Sci. 2014;5:58-62.

Hailu D, Mekonnen D, Derbie A, Mulu W, Abera B. Pathogenic bacteria profile and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of ear infections at Bahir Dar Regional Health Research Laboratory Centre Ethiopia. Springer Plus. 2016:5:2123-7.

Raakhee T, Sreenivasa RU. Bacteriological study of discharging ear in patients attending a tertiary care hospital. Int J Res Med Sci. 2014;2(2):602-6.

Denboba AA, Abejew AA, Mekonnen AG. Antibiotic resistant bacteria are major threats of otitis media in wollo area, North-eastern Ethiopia. Int J Microbiol. 2016: 1-9.

Muluye D, Wondimeneh Y, Ferede G, Moges F, Nega T. Bacterial isolates and drug susceptibility patterns of ear discharge from patients with ear infection at Gondar University Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. BMC Ear, Nose Throat Dis. 2013;13(1):10.






Original Research Articles