A study of complications of chronic suppurative otitis media at tertiary care hospital
Keywords:CSOM, High resolution computed tomography scan, Acute otitis media
Background: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is a still common disease in developing country and is found sometimes difficult to treat. Different complications can develop inspite of availability of higher antibiotics. In pre-antibiotic era, complications of acute otitis media and CSOM were very common and lead to high mortality. Inspite of initial decline in the complication of CSOM due to higher antibiotics, the incidences are still on rise. CSOM remains a serious disease, particularly in developing countries and CSOM-related complications are still found life-threatening. The aim and objective was to study various clinical presentations and management of CSOM related complications.
Methods: All patients of chronic supurrative otitis media with intra or extracranial complication who were admitted in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck surgery, Sir. T. General Hospital, Government Medical College, Bhavnagar from July 2015 to December 2018 was included in this study. Data of clinical presentation, associated complication, management, and follow-up were analysed.
Results: Out of 250 patients of CSOM admitted during these 3 years in ENT Department, 36 patients presented with CSOM related complications. 15 patients presented with intracranial complications and 21 patients presented with extracranial complications.
Conclusions: Inspite of availability of higher antibiotics, CSOM related complications are still common. In all the patients require higher intravenous antibiotics (which crosses blood brain barrier) followed by mastoid surgeries.
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