Cross sectional study of sensorineural hearing loss in type 2 diabetes mellitus
Keywords:Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Prevalence, Sensorineural hearing loss, Pure tone audiometry
Background: The objective of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of sensorineural hearing loss in type 2 diabetes mellitus and to figure out a relation between age, sex, duration of diabetes and diabetic control.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Geetanjali Medical College and Hospital for 1.5 years. Patients were known case of diabetes mellitus type 2 without any other systemic illness included in the study. A total of 115 patients were involved in the study and the informed consent was taken. A detailed examination and history related to hearing loss and diabetes status with treatment was elicited. All basic blood investigations were performed on all the patients. All the patients were subjected to pure tone audiometry and impedance audiometry in a sound proof room.
Results: The total prevalence of sensorineural hearing loss in the study subjects was found to be 80% with most of them having mild degree of sensorineural deafness. Increase in age, longer duration and uncontrolled diabetes are the factors which had higher risk of developing sensorineural hearing loss in the study subjects.
Conclusions: There is a strong association between sensorineural hearing loss and duration of diabetes mellitus-2. The threshold of hearing loss is increased mainly at the higher frequencies with diabetes.
Taylor IG, Irwin J. Some audiological aspects of diabetes mellitus. J Laryngol Otol. 1978;92(2):99-113.
Kaveeshwar SA, Cornwall J. The current state of diabetes mellitus in India. Australasian Med J. 2014;7(1):45.
Alberti KG, Zimmet PZ. Definition, diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus and its complications. Part 1: diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Provisional report of a WHO consultation. Diabetic Med. 1998;15(7):539-53.
World Health Organization. International classification of impairments, disabilities, and handicaps: a manual of classification relating to the consequences of disease, published in accordance with resolution WHA29. 35 of the Twenty-ninth World Health Assembly, 1976.
Rajendran S, Anandhalakshmi, Mythili B, Rao V. Evaluation of the incidence of sensorineural hearing loss in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Int J Biol Med Res. 2011;2(4):982-7.
Hlayisi VG, Petersen L, Ramma L. High prevalence of disabling hearing loss in young to middle-aged adults with diabetes. Int J Diabetes Developing Countries. 2019;39(1):148-53.
Nagoshi Y, Ohshita F, Hayakawa K, Nakayama T. The studies of hearing disorder on diabetics. Audiol Japan. 1969;12(2):155-9.
Friedman SA, Schulman RH, Weiss S. Hearing and diabetic neuropathy. Arch Internal Med. 1975;135(4):573-6.
Venkatasubbaiah C, Ananth R, Ahmed SM. An analysis and comparison of brainstem auditory evoked potentials among south Indian middle-aged and elderly subjects and patients with type II diabetes mellitus. J Evol Med Dent Sci. 2016;5(62):4332-6.
Weng SF, Chen YS, Hsu CJ, Tseng FY. Clinical features of sudden sensorineural hearing loss in diabetic patients. The Laryngoscope. 2005;115(9):1676-80.
Çelik O, Çelebi H, Öztvrk A. Hearing loss in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Auris Nasus Larynx. 1996;23(1):127-32.
Krishnappa S, Naseeruddin K. A clinical study of age related hearing loss among diabetes patients. Indian J Otol. 2014;20(4):160.
Mozaffari M, Tajik A, Ariaei N, Ali Ehyaii F, Behnam H. Diabetes mellitus and sensorineural hearing loss among non-elderly people. East Mediterr Health J. 2010;16(9):947-52.
Bainbridge KE, Hoffman HJ, Cowie CC. Risk Factors for Hearing Impairment Among U.S. Adults With Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2011;34(7):1540-5.
Kurien M, Thomas K, Bhanu TS. Hearing threshold in patients with diabetes mellitus. J Laryngol Otol. 1989;103(2):164-8.
Lerman-Garber I, Cuevas-Ramos D, Valdés S, Enríquez L, Lobato M, Osornio M, et al. Sensorineural hearing loss-A common finding in early-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus. Endocrine Practice. 2012;18(4):549-57.
Cullen JR, Cinnamond MJ. Hearing loss in diabetics. J Laryngol Otol. 1993;107(3):179-82.
Rózańska-Kudelska M, Chodynicki S, Kinalska I, Kowalska I. Hearing loss in patients with diabetes mellitus type II. Polish Otolaryngol. 2002;56(5):607-10.