DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20200142

A prospective study of deviated nasal septum giving rise to other ENT pathologies

S. Ranga Pradheep Kumar, Seema V. Patel

Abstract


Background: The deviated nasal septum (DNS) is a commonly occurring clinical condition that often causes nasal obstruction. This study, included two groups of subjects 100 each. The group A consists of subjects having DNS with nasal symptoms. The group B consists of subjects having DNS without nasal symptoms but with ear and throat symptoms. The present study makes an effort to review the types and its associated pathology.

Methods: A prospective study was carried out in the Department of ENT, Government Medical College and Hospital, Nagpur from September 2016 to October 2018. Data was collected and analysed.  

Results: The mean age 31.17 years in group A and 30.07 years in group B, with male to female ratio of 1.17:1 in group A and 1.04:1 in group B. Left-sided septal deviation was more common than right-sided deviation. The most common symptoms in group A was nasal obstruction (94%) and in group B was otorrhoea (80%)."C" shaped DNS was the most common type in both the groups. Out of total 200 subjects comprising both the groups, 70 (35%) subjects had significant sinonasal disease, 138 (69%) subjects had ear pathology, 69 (34.5%) had Eustachian tube dysfunction, 35 (17.5%) had throat pathology. In this study, “S” shaped deviation was more prone to be associated with ENT pathology.

Conclusions: “S” shaped DNS was maximally associated with sinonasal pathology and there was a high correlation between the side of septal deviation to the side of ear pathology, particularly in asymptomatic DNS.

 


Keywords


Deviated nasal septum, Diagnostic nasal endoscopy, Eustachian tube

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