Association of external nose deformity in individuals with nasal septal deviation

Ravi Kishore Hubballi, Shruthi Manohar Koujalagi


Background: Deviated nasal septum presents a challenge as often functional problems as well as aesthetic deformities must be addressed. Deviated nasal septum can be a result of varying pathologies and etiologies. Classifying the nasal deviation enables the surgeon to choose the appropriate operative intervention. This study is intended to know the association of external nose deformity in patients with deviated nasal septum.

Methods: 100 patients were attending to the Department of ENT, Vijayanagara Institute of Medical Sciences, Ballari with deviated nasal septum, septal dislocation, septal spur and external nose deformity. Deviated nasal septum was classified as per the classification proposed by Mladina. External nose deformity was classified into 5 types proposed by Yong Jo Jang’s classification depending on the orientation of 2 horizontal units (bony pyramid and cartilaginous subunits) with respect to facial midline.  

Results: Out of 100 patients with deviated nasal septum, external nose deformity was present in 61% of the patients. Significant association was present between the deviated nasal septum and external nose deformity (p=0.01).

Conclusions: Type II (33%) deviated nasal septum was most common followed by Type VII (31%). Among the external nose deformity, Type I was most common followed by Type V. Type II deviated nasal septum was associated most commonly with Type V external nose deformity, Type VII deviated nasal septum with Type I external nose deformity and Type IV deviated nasal septum with Type I/II external nose deformity in equal frequency.


Deviated nasal septum, Types, External nose deformity

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