DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20192566

Clinical profile of cases with sino-nasal polyposis at a tertiary care hospital at North Karnataka: a cross-sectional study

Shruthi Patil V., Geeta .

Abstract


Background: Nasal polyps are defined as pearly white, prolapsed, pendunculated oedematous Sino-nasal mucosa. They are unique in their position and their composition. Many hypotheses concerning its pathogenesis have been proposed. But till now there is no clear evidence for any single cause. This study was taken-up to study the clinical profile of cases with sino-nasal polyps.

Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in the Department of Otolaryngology at Vijayanagara Institution of Medical Sciences, Bellary, between January 2016 to April 2016 involving 60 patients fulfilling inclusion and exclusion criteria. Pre-tested and edited proforma was used to collect the data.  

Results: Out of 60 participants, 63.4% were males, mean age was 29.5 years. Ethmoidal polyp (63.4%) was the most common polyp followed by antrochoanal polyp (33.4%). Ethmoidal polyp was most commonly observed 31-40 years age while antrochoanal polyp was observed in 11-20 years age. Ethmoidal polyp and antrochoanal polyp were observed more commonly in males and females respectively. The most common presenting symptoms were nasal obstruction and nasal discharge.

Conclusions: Ethmoidal polyps are the most commonly observed sino-nasal polyps followed by antrochoanal polyp. Ethmoidal polyp was more commonly observed in adult age group while antrochoanal polyp was observed in children. The most common presenting symptoms were nasal obstruction and nasal discharge.


Keywords


Sino-nasal polyp, Ethmoidal polyp, Antrochoanal polyp

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