DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20193896

Thyroglossal cyst at unusual site: a rare case presentation

Toshi Janardan, Jas Simran Singh Bhatia

Abstract


Thyroglossal duct cyst is a congenital lesion in the anterior side of neck which results from embryonic remnant of the descending thyroglossal duct. It may get enlarge by infection, inflammation or mucous retention but can be found anywhere in the midline from the base of the tongue to thyroid gland. Most commonly it is present infrahyoid only. In this case, it is present at an unusual site at suprasternal region. A young male presented in the OPD with a single, non-tender swelling in the midline at suprasternal region, almost reaching upto superior mediastinum. After radiological examination and histopathological excision biopsy, it came out to be thyroglossal cyst. No recurrence had occurred.


Keywords


Thyroglossal duct cyst, Suprasternal region, Superior mediastinum

Full Text:

PDF

References


Mondin V, Ferlito A, Muzzi E, Silver CE, Fagan JJ, Devaney KO, Rinaldo A. Thyroglossal duct cyst: personal experience and literature review. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2008;35(1):11–25.

Dedivitis RA, Guimarães AV. Papillary thyroid carcinoma in thyroglossal duct cyst. Int Surg. 2000;85(3):198–201.

Mondin V, Ferlito A, Muzzi E, Silver CE, Fagan JJ, Devaney KO, et al. Thyroglossal duct cyst: Personal experience and literature review. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2008;35:11-25.

Baisakhiya N. Giant thyroglossal cyst in an elderly patient. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011;63:27-8.

Katz AD, Hachigian M. Thyroglossal duct cysts. A thirty year experience with emphasis on occurrence in older patients. Am J Surg. 1988;155:741-4.

Mohan PS, Chokshi RA, Moser RL, Razvi SA. Thyroglossal duct cysts:A consideration in adults. Am Surg. 2005;71:508-11.

Stell and Maran's Head and Neck Surgery. 4th ed. UK: Butterworth Heinemann; 2000.

Persaud R, Short M, Kothori P, Robinson A. Thyroglossal duct cyst masquerading as a hematoma. J Laryngol Otol. 2004;118:240–1.

Mondin V, Ferlito A, Muzzi E, Silver CE, Fagan JJ, Devaney KO, et al. Thyroglossal duct cyst: personal experience and literature review. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2008;35:11-25.

Organ GM, Organ CH Jr. Thyroid gland and surgery of the thyroglossal duct: exercise in applied embryology. World J Surg. 2000;24:886-90.

Urao M, Teitelbaum DH, Miyano T. Lingual thyroglossal duct cyst: a unique surgical approach. J Pediatr Surg. 1996;31:1574–6.

Chon SH, Shinn SH, Lee CB, Tae K, Lee YS, Jang SH, Paik SS. Thyroglossal duct cyst within the mediastinum: An extremely unusual location. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007;133:1671-2.

Tas A, Karasalihoglu AR, Yagiz R, Doganay L, Guven S. Thyroglossal duct cyst in hyoid bone:unusual location. J Laryngol Otol. 2003;117(8):656–7.

Sauvageau A, Belley-Côté EP, Racette S. Fatal asphyxia by a thyroglossal duct cyst in an adult. J Clin Forensic Med. 2006;13(6–8):349-52.

Brown PM, Judd ES. Thyroglossal duct cysts and sinuses. Results of radical (Sistrunk) operation. Am J Surg. 1961;102:495–501.

Schlange H. Ueber die Fistula Colli Congenita. Arch Klin Chir. 1893;46:390–2.