Endoscopic myringoplasty: outcome and hearing gain in inactive mucosal chronic otitis media
Keywords:Inactive mucosal chronic otitis media, Interlay, Endoscopic myringoplasty, Air bone gap, Graft uptake
Background: Chronic otitis media is an inflammatory process in the middle ear cleft that poses serious health problem in developing countries. Myringoplasty is a common otological procedure to reconstruct the tympanic membrane to prevent recurrent otorrhea, and restore sound-conducting mechanism. The use of rigid endoscope in transcanal myringoplasty has significant advantage as it provides magnified, close up as well as wide angle view, less morbidity and early postoperative wound healing with better cosmetic results without compromising success rate and postoperative hearing gain. The aims and objectives of the study were to analyze the results of endoscopic transcanal interlay myringoplasty, in terms of graft uptake and hearing improvement in cases of chronic suppurative otitis media with inactive mucosal disease with central perforation.
Methods: This is a prospective study conducted from January 2016 to August 2018 in 30 patients of inactive mucosal chronic otitis media (COM). All patients underwent transcanal endoscopic interlay myringoplasty and patients were called for regular follow up for 12 weeks and results were statistically analysed.
Results: The graft uptake rate in the present study was found to be 93.33%. Pre operatively mean air bone gap (ABG) was 27.33 dB and post operatively after 12 weeks mean air bone gap improved to 10.5 dB. Mean ABG gain was 16.33%.
Conclusions: Endoscopic transcanal interlay myringoplasty with superiorly based TM flap is an effective technique over conventional microscopic technique in terms of graft uptake, hearing improvement, better postoperative scar and less morbidity in cases of inactive mucosal COM.
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