Retrospective study of corticosteroid role in decreasing intraoperative bleeding during FESS surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis

Raghunath Shanbag, Santosh S. Garag, J. S. Arunkumar


Background: The objective of the study was to assess the role of corticosteroid given preoperatively in decreasing intraoperative bleeding during functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) for chronic rhinosinusitis.

Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted in a tertiary care hospital for patients undergoing FESS for chronic rhinosinusitis from January 2016 to December 2016. In this study 120 patients of FESS were enrolled. Their data was analyzed for preoperative corticosteroid given and intraoperative grade of bleeding.  

Results: There were 62 patients out of 120 who received preoperative corticosteroid. Among these 41 had grade 0-1 bleeding and 21 had grade 2-5 bleeding. Similarly in non-corticosteroid group 30 had grade 0-1 bleeding and 28 had grade 2-5 bleeding. Based on these p values was calculated using fisher exact test which showed that to be non-significant.

Conclusions: Preoperative corticosteroids do not have control on intraoperative bleeding during FESS. They help in reducing the size of polyp and thus more effective in cases of CRSwNP.


Corticosteroid, Bleeding, Rhinosinusitis, Preoperative, Intraoperative

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