Clinical study of 100 cases of hoarseness of voice: a hospital based study
Keywords:Hoarseness, Vocal nodule, Vocal polyp
Background: Hoarseness is defined as roughness of voice resulting from variations of periodicity or intensity of consecutive sound waves. Hoarseness is a symptom not a disease.
Methods: The present study was carried out in the Department of ENT and Head and Neck Surgery, SMGS Hospital, Jammu over a period of 2 years from March 2016 to February 2018. During this period the patients who presented with hoarseness of voice were evaluated.
Results: Total 100 cases were studied. Average age group was found to be between 15-85 years. The number of female patients were 36 (36%) and male 64 (64%). In the present series the most common lesion was vocal nodule (30%) followed by vocal polyp (23%), squamous cell carcinoma (16%), papilloma (10%), Reinkes oedema (9%), keratosis (7%), vocal cord paralysis (4%) and laryngeal tuberculosis (1%).
Conclusions: Hoarseness is a common symptom of laryngeal dysfunction. The micro laryngeal surgery is a minimally invasive procedure used to correct voice disorder or other problems affecting the larynx.
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