Globus pharyngeus in women: observations and opinions


  • B. T. Subramanya Department of ENT, Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences, Shimoga, Karnataka, India
  • Sphoorthi Basavannaiah Department of ENT, Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences, Shimoga, Karnataka, India
  • S. Lohith Department of ENT, Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences, Shimoga, Karnataka, India



Globus pharyngeus, Anemia, Nutrition


Background: India has world’s fastest growing economy with second largest population in the world. But the health aspects of Indians are neglected even with vast health facilities and resources. Health is an important factor that contributes to well-being and economic growth especially women’s health which must be prioritised but is often ignored. Aims and objectives of the study were to identify the root cause for globus sensation in throat, to assess the percentage of factor causing this symptom and to educate women to eliminate this illusion of foreign body like sensation in the throat.

Methods: All the women who consulted outpatient department with this symptom were evaluated clinically and investigated.  

Results: Anemia topped the list among all the probable causes for globus pharyngeus.

Conclusions: Proper and adequate nutrition in women is a life-long process and it is important to eliminate the myth about Globus pharyngeus in women.

Author Biographies

B. T. Subramanya, Department of ENT, Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences, Shimoga, Karnataka, India

First author

Sphoorthi Basavannaiah, Department of ENT, Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences, Shimoga, Karnataka, India

Second author(Corresponding)

S. Lohith, Department of ENT, Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences, Shimoga, Karnataka, India

Third author


Sekhar DL, Murray-Kolb LE, Kunselman AR, Siega-Riz AM, Cogswell AM. Differences in risk factors for anemia between adolescent and adult women. J Womens Health. 2016;25(5):505–13.

Erdem O, Bucaktepe EG Kara IH. Family medicine clinic women attending the iron deficiency anemia and gestation story relations. J Dicle Med. 2009;36:123–6.

Raghuram V, Manjula Anil, Jayaram S. Prevalence of anaemia amongst women in the reproductive age group in a rural area in south india. Int J Biol Med Res. 2012;3:1482–4.

Bodnar LM, Scanlon KS, Freedman DS, Siega- Riz AM, Cogswell ME. High prevalence of postpartum anemia among low-income women in the United States. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2001;185(2):438–43.

Nguyen PH, Casanova GI, Pharm H, Truong TV, Nguyen S. Multicasual etiology of anemia among women of reproductive age in Vietnam. Euro J Clin Nutr. 2015;69(1):107–13.

Kaur S, Deshmukh R, Garg B. Epidemiological Correlates of Nutritional Anemia in Adolescent Girls of Rural Wardha. Indian J Comm Med. 2006;31:102.

Karakus V, Giden A, Ersil SD, Bozkurt S, Kurtoglu E. Evaluation of anemia in terms of etiology, risk factors, and relapse in adult patients. Mugla Med J. 2016;3:1–6.

Engmann C, Adanu R, Lu TS, Bose C, Lozoff B. Anemia and iron deficiency in pregnant Ghanaian women from urban areas. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2008;101:62–6.

Haas J, Brownlie T. Iron deficiency and reduced work capacity: a critical review of the research to determine a causal relationship. J Nutr. 2001;131:676–88.

Fraser IS, Mansour D, Breymann C, Hoffman C, Mezzacasa A, Petraglia F. Prevalence of heavy menstrual bleeding and experiences of affected women in a European patient survey. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2015;128(3):196–200.

Safavi M, Abdollahi Z, Naghavi M, Sadeghian Sharif S, Sadeghzadeh E, Mohammadian S. Prevalence of Iron Deficiency Anemia among Iranian Pregnant Women, Spring 2001. Iranian J Epidemiol. 2006;4:1–10.

Nojilana B, Norman R, Dhansay MA, Labadarios D, van Stuijvenberg ME, Bradshaw D, et al. Estimating the burden of disease attributable to iron deficiency anaemia in South Africa in 2000. S Afr Med J. 2007;97:741–6.

Basturk A, Kutlucan L, Kutlucan A, Pekin AT, Akinci S, Dagli M, et al. Evaluation of pregnant women awareness about anemia and factors affecting the development of anemia. Eur J Health Sci. 2016;2(1):1–4.

Gebremedhin S, Enquselassie F. Correlates of anemia among women of reproductive ageinEthiopia:Evidence from Ethiopian DHS 2005. Ethiop J Health Dev. 2011;25:22–30.

Akramipour R, Rahimi Z, Rahimi Z. Prevalence of iron deficiency anemia among adolescent schoolgirls from Kermanshah, Western Iran. Hematology. 2008;13:352–5.

Ismail IM, Kahkashan A, Antony A, Sobhith VK. Role of socio-demographic and cultural factors on anemia in a tribal population of North Kerala, India. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2016;3(5):1183–8.

Hinderaker SG, Olsen BE, Bergsio P, Lie RT, Gasheka P, Kvale G. Anemia in pregnancy in the highlands of Tanzania. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2001;80:18–26.

Bhandari S, Sayami JT, Thapa P, Sayami M, Kandel BP, Banjara MR. Dietary intake patterns and nutritional status of women of reproductive age in Nepal:findings from a health survey. Arch Public Health. 2016;74:2.

Gebre A, and Mulugeta A. Prevalence of Anemia and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women in North Western Zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia:A Cross-Sectional Study. J Nutr Metabol. 2015:1–7.

Sheikholeslam R, Jamshidbeygi E, Salehian P, Malekafzali H. Prevalence of iron deficiency, anemia and iron deficiency anemia in reproductive age women(15-49 years) in urban and rural areas of Iran. Teb va Tazkiyeh. 2001;47:37–44.

Taha A, Azhar S, Lone T, Murtaza G, Ali Khan S, Mumtaz A, et al. Iron deficiency anemia in reproductive age women attending obstetrics and gynecology outpatient of university health centre in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2014;11(2):339–42.

Monarrez-Espino J, Martinez H, Greiner T. Iron deficiency anemia in Tarahumara women of reproductive-age in northern Mexico. Salud Publica Mex. 2001;43:392–401.

Stevens GA, Finucane MM, De-Regil LM, Paciorek CJ, Flaxman SR, Branca F, et al. Nutrition Impact Model Study Group (Anemia). Global, regional, and national trends in haemoglobin concentration and prevalence of total and severe anaemia in children and pregnant and non-pregnant women for 1995–2011:a systematic analysis of population-representative data. Lancet Global Health. 2013;1(1):16–25.

Massawe S, Urassa E, Nystrom L, Lindmark G. Anaemia in women of reproductive age in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. East Afr Med J. 2002;79:461–6.

Camaschella C. Iron-deficiency anemia. N Engl J Med. 2015;372:1832–43.






Original Research Articles